WASHINGTON – The US Trade Representative’s office filed a complaint against China’s anti-dumping duties on US broiler chicken products, Reuters reported. This marks the second challenge the US has made to the World Trade Organization in this trade dispute.

In 2010, China imposed anti-dumping duties of up to 105.4 percent and anti-subsidy duties of up to 30.3 percent. In September 2011, the US challenged China’s duties on US exports of broiler chicken products. At the time, the US poultry industry stood to lose approximately $1 billion in sales to China by the end of 2011, according to the USTR.

In June 2013, the WTO sided with the US and found that China’s anti-dumping duties were inconsistent with its WTO commitments.  China issued new anti-dumping and countervailing duties in response to the WTO finding in 2014. After a review of the new measure, the USTR determined that China failed to properly calculate the costs of US poultry production costs and failed to conduct transparent investigations, Reuters reported.