Congress’ decision in 2007 to mandate that a substantial portion of the corn be converted into fuel instead of being used as feed pushed many in animal agriculture past the tipping point, Mr. Boyle wrote. The law effectively created a new domestic market for corn, ensuring that a substantial portion of the crop — more than one-third — be converted into corn-based ethanol and pumped in our gas tanks.
According to a report released in September 2008 by the Congressional Research Service (C.R.S.), the dramatic increase in livestock production costs over that period were attributed to feed, Mr. Boyle added. “Current corn market prices are still well above historic levels and the meat and poultry industry has continued to suffer,” he wrote.
Mr. Boyle charged the turkey industry has endured the deepest cutbacks of any in animal agriculture — a 9% decrease since 2008 levels — to adjust to these increased input costs. Most important, the turkey industry eliminated nearly 3,000 jobs vital to rural America in 2008 and 2009 alone.
The U.S. pork industry endured two of the most challenging years in the industry’s history in 2008 and 2009, Mr. Boyle pointed out. Total losses for the industry amounted to more than $6.2 billion and average farrow-to-finish operations lost nearly $23 for each animal marketed from October 2007 through January 2010. This financial disaster occurred despite near-record hog prices in 2008.
From December 2007 to February 2010, the cattle-feeding sector of the beef industry lost a record $7 billion in equity due to high feed costs and economic factors that have negatively affected beef demand, according to Mr. Boyle. The cumulative additional cost on the broiler chicken industry since corn prices began their rise in the fall of 2006 has been almost $15 billion. This additional cost does not include the higher cost of other feed ingredients, such as soybean meal, where prices tend to move in tandem with corn.
“The reduction in herd sizes over the past two years due to high feed costs will lead to tighter protein supplies and ultimately higher prices for consumers at the meat and poultry case,” Mr. Boyle wrote. “Federal subsidies for corn-based ethanol will cost taxpayers nearly $7 billion annually by 2015. As an alternative, it is much better economic and energy policy to let the market decide the price of corn, not the federal government.
“The corn-based ethanol industry has had a helping hand for three decades, it’s time it competes on its own,” Mr. Boyle concludes.
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