WASHINGTON – A partnership developed between a US Department of Agriculture scientist and researchers in South Africa is improving prospects for cattle breeders in that country. Mike MacNeil, an Agricultural Research Service geneticist at the agency's Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory in Miles City, Mont., is trying to equip South Africa's scientists with better research tools to help cattle breeders and farmers in remote, underdeveloped areas, according to the ARS.

Much of the research focuses on Nguni cattle, an indigenous breed popular among poor and emerging farmers in South Africa because of its fertility, tolerance to harsh conditions, resistance to ticks and tolerance to tick-borne diseases. MacNeil and his colleagues in a recent study examined ways to address one chronic problem: Nguni that are too small and deposit too much fat before reaching market weight, making them undesirable for commercial feedlot operations.

Researchers examined factors breeders could consider in trying to improve progeny of their Nguni cows by mating them with larger and beefier Angus and Charolais bulls. The resulting crossbred ideally would retain the Nguni toughness and adaptability, but would take on the improved beef aspects of the Angus and Charolais sires. Published in the South African Journal of Animal Science, this research built on MacNeil's work at Fort Keogh on development of crossbreeding systems and breeding objectives for US domestic breeds.

Olivia Mapholi, a scientist with the South African Agricultural Research Council who studied under MacNeil at Fort Keogh, continues to consult him as she searches for quantitative trait loci (QTLs), or areas of the cattle genome, that confer the ability to tolerate tick-borne diseases, O’Brien wrote. Mapholi is crossing tick-resistant Nguni with tick-susceptible Angus and is looking for genes that confer resistance to ticks. Her research could benefit beef production in any part of the world where ticks are a problem, including the US.