FDA changes policy on Salmonella in animal feed
July 19, 2013
by Meat&Poultry Staff
WASHINGTON – The Food and Drug Administration has adopted risk-based criteria in its Compliance Policy Guide for animal food contaminated with Salmonella
The agency's revised guidance recommends that regulatory action be taken when animal feed contaminated with Salmonella
serotypes that are known to cause disease in the animal species eating the feed. FDA said different animal species develop disease in response to different Salmonella
serotypes. There are more than 2,500 different Salmonella
Following the new compliance policy, the agency revoked its advisory opinion from 1967 which established a zero-tolerance policy of Salmonella
in food for animals. Under that policy, no Salmonella
was allowed in animal food, even if the serotype didn’t make the animals sick.
"FDA considers an animal feed to be adulterated...when it is contaminated with a Salmonella
serotype that is considered pathogenic to the animal intended to consume the feed and the animal feed will not subsequently undergo a commercial heat step or other commercial process that will kill the Salmonella
," the Compliance Guide states. The guide recommends evaluating cases of contamination with other Salmonella
serotypes on a case-by-case basis.
The agency said in its guidance that the likelihood of direct human contact with animal feed is "substantially lower" compared to pet foods. In the case of pet food, FDA believes regulatory action is warranted involving pet foods contaminated with any Salmonella
serotype given the likelihood of direct human contact with pet food.